What are 3 examples of teratogens?
Common teratogens include some medications, recreational drugs, tobacco products, chemicals, alcohol, certain infections, and in some cases, uncontrolled health problems in the birthing parent. Alcohol is a well-known teratogen that can cause harmful effects on the fetus after exposure at any time during pregnancy.
What is the most common type of teratogen?
Alcohol: One of the most commonly used teratogens is alcohol, and because half of all pregnancies in the United States are unplanned, it is recommended that women of child-bearing age take great caution against drinking alcohol when not using birth control or when enceinte (CDC, 2005).
What are human teratogens?
A human teratogen is an agent that alters the growth or structure of the developing embryo or fetus, thereby causing birth defects.
What are genetic teratogens?
A teratogen is something that can cause or raise the risk for a birth defect in a baby. They are things that a mother may be exposed to during her pregnancy. Teratogens include: Some medicines. Street drugs.
What are 2 common teratogens?
Alcohol and smoking are two common teratogens. Exposure to either of them can lead to developmental anomalies, miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm labor, and a variety of other pregnancy complications.
What are 5 types of teratogens?
Teratogenic agents include infectious agents (rubella, cytomegalovirus, varicella, herpes simplex, toxoplasma, syphilis, etc.); physical agents (ionizing agents, hyperthermia); maternal health factors (diabetes, maternal PKU); environmental chemicals (organic mercury compounds, polychlorinated biphenyl or PCB, …
What are 4 teratogens?
Teratogens are classified into four types: physical agents, metabolic conditions, infection, and finally, drugs and chemicals. The word teratogen originates from the Greek word for monster, teratos.
What are environmental teratogens?
Teratogens are defined as any environmental factor that can produce a permanent abnormality in structure or function, restriction of growth, or death of the embryo or fetus.7.
What are the three stages of fetal development?
From beginning as a one-cell structure to your birth, your prenatal development occurred in an orderly and delicate sequence. There are three stages of prenatal development: germinal, embryonic, and fetal.
What are teratogens in psychology class 11?
teratogens environmental agents that cause deviations in normal development that can lead to serious abnormalities or death.
What Teratology means?
Teratology is derived from the Greek noun teras, meaning monster, and historically has referred to the study of malformations early in life that result from exposure to chemicals such as mercury, lead, and other complex compounds.
Is Thalidomide a teratogen?
Thalidomide is a potent teratogen that induces a range of birth defects, most commonly of the developing limbs.
Are drugs teratogens?
Certain drugs such as alcohol, some illegal drugs, and some prescription and over-the-counter medications are known to cause birth defects if taken during pregnancy. Drugs that can cause birth defects are called ‘teratogens’.
What is Development Class 11 Political Science?
• Development conveys the ideas of improvement, progress, well-being and an aspiration for a better. life. Through its notion of development a society articulates what constitutes its vision for the society as a whole and how best to achieve it.
What are teratogens and their effects?
Teratogens are drugs, chemicals, or even infections that can cause abnormal fetal development. There are billions of potential teratogens, but only a few agents are proven to have teratogenic effects. These effects can result in a baby being born with a birth defect.
When are teratogens most harmful?
Time of exposure: Teratogens are most harmful early in pregnancy, starting about 10 to 14 days after conception to about 8 weeks into pregnancy. Genetics: Sometimes, the enceinte person’s or the baby’s unique genetics protect them or make them more vulnerable to certain teratogens.
Are antidepressants teratogens?
Most antidepressants do not pose a major teratogenic risk, although the data supporting this conclusion vary from one type to another. While SSRIs and tricyclics have been examined in a considerable number of studies, only scarce data is available on new antidepressants.
Is Xanax a teratogen?
A medicine that is known or strongly suspected to cause defects in the unborn fetus is said to have a teratogenic effect. All members of the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines have been labeled as teratogenetic.
What is Germinal Stage?
The germinal stage begins at conception when the sperm and egg cell unite in one of the two fallopian tubes. The fertilized egg is called a zygote. Just a few hours after conception, the single-celled zygote begins making a journey down the fallopian tube to the uterus.
What are four environmental hazards that can affect a fetus?
These chemicals include commonly known hazards such as lead, mercury, and environmental tobacco smoke, as well as some pesticides, solvents, products containing chlorine, and other chemicals referred to as “persistent organic pollutants.” The fetus is particularly vulnerable to environmental chemicals that can disrupt …
What are 3 environmental factors that affect prenatal development?
Other teratogens that affect prenatal development include radiation, pollution, and infectious disease. Radiation increases the risk of childhood cancer, as well as emotional and behavioral disorders; because of this, it is recommended that enceinte women avoid x-rays unless absolutely necessary.
What is the pre-embryonic stage?
The first 2 weeks of prenatal development are referred to as the pre-embryonic stage. A developing human is referred to as an embryo during weeks 3–8, and a fetus from the ninth week of gestation until birth.