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Characteristics of substance dependence


Jan 29, 2024
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What is the characteristic of substance dependent?

Results: Emotional change: The drugdependent person experiences mood swings related to drug use. Gradually there is a personality change and all activity and thoughts revolve around drugs. Judgment and insight are also impaired.

What are the four common characteristics of addiction?

The four C’s of addiction are a helpful tool in distinguishing between addiction as a mental health disorder demanding treatment and other types of addictive behaviors. The four C’s are compulsion, cravings, consequences, and control.

What are the three features of medicine dependence?

These three components can also be viewed as describing aspects of craving, loss of control over drug intake, and physical dependence, respectively.

What are the characteristics of substance?

The characteristic properties of a substance are always the same whether the sample being observed is large or small. Examples of characteristic properties include freezing/melting point, boiling/condensing point, density, viscosity, and solubility.

Which of these is an extensive property of a substance?

Extensive properties, such as mass and volume, depend on the amount of matter being measured. Intensive properties, such as density and color, do not depend on the amount of the substance present. Physical properties can be measured without changing a substance’s chemical identity.

What is properties pure substance?

A pure substance is a material with a constant chemical composition throughout its entire mass. A pure substance can exist in one or more physical phases such as a solid, liquid or vapor. Most pure substances have a well defined Triple Point where all three phases exist in equilibrium.

Is water a pure substance?

Water, H2O, is a pure substance, a compound made of hydrogen and oxygen.

What two properties can be used to identify pure substances?

Color, odor, density, melting temperature, boiling temperature, and solubility are examples of physical properties. Physical properties can be used to identify a pure substance.

What is difference between pure substance and mixture?

a pure substance consists only of one element or one compound. a mixture consists of two or more different substances, not chemically joined together.

How can you identify a pure substance?

A pure substance has a definite and constant composition — like salt or sugar. A pure substance can be either an element or a compound, but the composition of a pure substance doesn’t vary.

What are types of mixture?

There are two types of mixtures: heterogeneous and homogeneous. Heterogeneous mixtures have visually distinguishable components, while homogeneous mixtures appear uniform throughout. The most common type of homogenous mixture is a solution, which can be a solid, liquid, or gas.

What are the two types of mixtures?

There are two main categories of mixtures: homogeneous mixtures and heterogeneous mixtures. In a homogenous mixture all the substances are evenly distributed throughout the mixture (salt water, air, blood).

What are two or more substances physically combined?

A mixture is created when two or more different substances are physically combined and can be separated back into its original substances. A chemical reaction occurs when two or more substances are combined to form a new substance and cannot be separated back into its original substances.

What is a solvent?

Solvent, substance, ordinarily a liquid, in which other materials dissolve to form a solution. Polar solvents (e.g., water) favour formation of ions; nonpolar ones (e.g., hydrocarbons) do not.

What are four characteristics of a good solvent extraction?

Does not dissolve impurities. Volatile.

Not toxic, not flammable.

  • Immiscible pair of solvents: water and low polarity organic solvents.
  • Good solubility of the target compound.
  • Poor solubility of impurities.
  • Volatility of the extraction solvent.
  • Toxicity and safety properties of the extraction solvent.

What is a good solvent?

Water is capable of dissolving a variety of different substances, which is why it is such a good solvent. And, water is called the “universal solvent” because it dissolves more substances than any other liquid. It is water’s chemical composition and physical attributes that make it such an excellent solvent.

What is the function of a solvent?

What is a solvent? The term ‘solvent‘ is applied to a large number of chemical substances which are used to dissolve or dilute other substances or materials. They are usually organic liquids. Many solvents are also used as chemical intermediates, fuels, and as components of a wide range of products.

What is the role of a solvent in a mixture?

The term “Solvents” refers to a class of chemical compounds described by function – the term derives from Latin, meaning roughly to “loosen.” In chemistry, solvents – which are generally in liquid form – are used to dissolve, suspend or extract other materials, usually without chemically changing either the solvents or

What are the types of solvents?

There are 3 types of solvents commonly encountered: nonpolar, polar aprotic, and polar protic.

What are the properties of a solvent?

A solvent (from the Latin solvō, “loosen, untie, solve”) is a substance that dissolves a solute, resulting in a solution. A solvent is usually a liquid but can also be a solid, a gas, or a supercritical fluid.

What are solvent properties of water?

It is water’s chemical composition and physical attributes that make it such an excellent solvent. Water molecules have a polar arrangement of oxygen and hydrogen atoms—one side (hydrogen) has a positive electrical charge and the other side (oxygen) had a negative charge.

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