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When was indoor soccer made



Where was indoor soccer created?

The origin of Futsal® (Five-a-Side Soccer) can be traced back to Montevideo, Uruguay, in 1930 when Juan Carlos Ceriani devised a five-a-side version of soccer for youth competion in YMCAs. The game is played on basketball-sized courts, both indoors and out without the use of sidewalls.

When was futsal created?


Futsal can be traced back to 1930, originating in the capital of Uruguay, Montevideo, where school teacher Juan Carlos Ceriani developed an adaptation of football to be played recreationally at local YMCAs.

Who created an indoor football version?

Juan-Carlos Ceriani Gravier

Different versions of football on smaller fields with less than 11 players-a-side were played since the beginning of modern football (mid-19th century), but first sports that used the term „fútbol sala“ (indoor football) was created by Argentine-born teacher and coach Juan-Carlos Ceriani Gravier, for the recreation of …

When was the sport of soccer invented?

According to FIFA, modern soccer began in England in 1863. However, the very earliest form of kicking a ball seems to have originated from a Chinese military manual dating back to the 2nd and 3rd centuries called Tsu’ Chu.

Is futsal the same as indoor soccer?

Futsal is FIFA’s official indoor soccer game which is, essentially, a scaled down version of outdoor soccer played indoors. It is a small sided game (5v5) played on a smaller field (roughly basketball court sized) with a smaller (size 3-4) ball.

Who invented football?

Walter Camp

Walter Camp is considered the ‘founder’ of American football. Camp was a great rugby player from Yale University who began to transform rules of rugby for a more ‘modern’ style of play, which eventually developed into the sport of football during the 1880’s..

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Who first invented soccer?

Records trace the history of soccer back more than 2,000 years ago to ancient China. Greece, Rome, and parts of Central America also claim to have started the sport; but it was England that transitioned soccer, or what the British and many other people around the world call “football,” into the game we know today.

How was soccer first created?

Modern day soccer was invented in 19th century England, mostly played by private school teams and soccer clubs. The game originated from a 9th century medieval period game called ‘folk football’ played in England that would involve teams of players competing to get a pigs bladder from one landmark to another.

What came first soccer or football?

Historians trace American football back to two European cousins, soccer and rugby. Both began as kicking games.

What is the oldest sport?


Wrestling is regarded the oldest sports in the world and we have proof. The famous cave paintings in Lascaux, France, dating back to 15,300 years ago, depict wrestlers.

What was the first soccer team ever?

Sheffield Football Club

The world’s first football team. Sheffield Football Club, founded in 1857.

Who invented the word soccer?

The word “soccer” is a British invention that British people stopped using only about 30 years ago, according to a new paper by University of Michigan professor Stefan Szymanski. The word “soccer” comes from the use of the term “association football” in Britain and goes back 200 years.

What is the 2 oldest sport?

Wrestling as a modern day sport is still widely popular, even though it has come to evolve and develop into many different types and categories. Not only is running the second oldest sports activity in the world, it is also the first Olympic sport to have a written record off its event, dating back to 776 BC.

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Is soccer older than hockey?

But there’s also a shared history between the sports, both being developed in the last few decades of the 19th century (albeit, soccer predates hockey in professional development by about 20 years or so).

What is the youngest sport in the world?

Introducing Bossaball, a delicate mélange of volleyball, soccer, gymnastics, capoeira and extreme trampolining. Developed between 2003 and 2005 by Filip Eyckmans, Bossaball is played on an inflatable court that takes less than 45 minutes to set up.

What are the 5 oldest sports?

All of these ancient sports, in some form, are still practiced around the world today.

  • Gymnastics. Year Invented: c. …
  • Mesoamerican Ballgame. Year Invented: c.2500 BCE. …
  • Tsu Chu or Cuju. Year Invented: c.2500 BCE. …
  • Boxing. Year Invented: c.3000 BCE. …
  • Swimming. Year Invented: c.6000 BCE. …
  • Archery. …
  • Wrestling. …
  • Running/Sprinting.

Is soccer older than baseball?

Dating back about 3,000 years, soccer is more popular than baseball, basketball, and American football combined, and is enjoyed in every continent by a total eight million people worldwide. … Evidence of this exists in a military manual dating to time of the Han Dynasty.

What sport is the hardest?


Degree of Difficulty: Sport Rankings
Ice Hockey7.252

What was the first sport with a ball?

The Mayan ballgame of Pitz is believed to be the first ball sport, as it was first played around 2500 BCE. There are artifacts and structures that suggest that the Chinese engaged in sporting activities as early as 2000 BCE. Gymnastics appears to have been a popular sport in China’s ancient past.

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What is the oldest Olympic sport?

Running (Stadion)

The running race known as stadion or stade is the oldest Olympic Sport in the world. It was the only event at the very first Olympics in 776 BCE and remained the sole event at the Games until 724 BCE.

What is the easiest sport?

Easiest Sports To Play

  • Running – I guess running is probably up there with the most easiest sports to play. …
  • Basketball – It is rewarding for anyone to grab the basketball and pass it through the basket. …
  • Volleyball – On the rise in popularity amongst many countries worldwide, it is of course volleyball.

What is the hardest girl sport?

The 5 most dangerous sports for girls

  • Basketball. Is your little girl shooting to be the next Lisa Leslie or Candace Parker? …
  • Cheerleading. Here’s something not to cheer about: Cheerleading accidents account for 65 percent of all catastrophic injuries in girls’ high school athletics. …
  • Horseback riding. …
  • Soccer. …
  • Field hockey.

Is soccer harder than football?

Yes, soccer is harder than football for many reasons. There is no doubt that football rules over North America, but when it comes to world wide sports soccer will definitely win. Firstly, Soccer requires you to use your feet, something you’re not used to be doing daily skills with.

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How are different types of steel made




How do they make different types of steel?

The widest and most diverse range of steel alloys is “alloy steels.” These are made by combining carbon steel with various alloying elements to provide unique properties to each steel.

What are the 4 classifications of steel?

The Four Main Types of Steel

  • Carbon Steel. Carbon steel looks dull, matte-like, and is known to be vulnerable to corrosion. …
  • Alloy Steel. Next up is alloy steel, which is a mixture of several different metals, like nickel, copper, and aluminum. …
  • Tool Steel. …
  • Stainless Steel.

What are the 3 ways of making steel?

Modern steelmaking processes can be divided into three steps: primary, secondary and tertiary. Primary steelmaking involves smelting iron into steel. Secondary steelmaking involves adding or removing other elements such as alloying agents and dissolved gases.

How are steels made?

Steel is primarily produced using one of two methods: Blast Furnace or Electric Arc Furnace. … The blast furnace uses coke, iron ore and limestone to produce pig iron. Coal is a key part of the coke-making process.

Which type of steel is strongest?

The Top 10 Strongest Metals

RankType of MetalExample Use
#1TungstenMaking bullets and missiles
#2SteelConstruction of railroads, roads, other infrastructure and appliances
#3ChromiumManufacturing stainless steel
#4TitaniumIn the aerospace Industry, as a lightweight material with strength

Oct 22, 2019

How many types of steel are there?

The four main types are: Carbon steel. Stainless steel. Alloy steel.

How is iron made out of steel?

To make steel, iron ore is first mined from the ground. It is then smelted in blast furnaces where the impurities are removed and carbon is added. In fact, a very simple definition of steel is “iron alloyed with carbon, usually less than 1%.”

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How was the first steel made?

One of the earliest forms of steel, blister steel, began production in Germany and England in the 17th century and was produced by increasing the carbon content in molten pig iron using a process known as cementation. In this process, bars of wrought iron were layered with powdered charcoal in stone boxes and heated.

How was steel made in the 1800s?

In the 1800s, the US switched from charcoal to coke in ore smelting, adopted the Bessemer process, and saw the rise of very large integrated steel mills. In the 20th century, the US industry successively adopted the open hearth furnace, then the basic oxygen steelmaking process.

How is stainless steel made?

Stainless steel metal is formed when the raw materials of nickel, iron ore, chromium, silicon, molybdenum, and others, are melted together. Stainless steel metal contains a variety of basic chemical elements that, when fused together, create a powerful alloy.

Can steel be made without coke?

It is a myth that steel production requires coking coal. A third of global steel today is made without coking coal, either through scrap recycling or gas-based steel production; and counting.

How is carbon steel manufactured?

Carbon steel can be produced from recycled steel, virgin steel or a combination of both. Virgin steel is made by combining iron ore, coke (produced by heating coal in the absence of air) and lime in a blast furnace at around 1650 °C.

What is tungsten steel made of?

Tungsten steel is a type of metal alloy made from a combination of tungsten and iron. The addition of tungsten to the alloy gives it increased hardness and resistance to heat, allowing equipment made from tungsten steel to maintain high performance and to resist wear at high temperatures.

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What is chrome metal made of?

Chrome, short for chromium, refers to the plating. Chrome plating is overlaid on a metal core. It consists completely of chromium and is not an alloy. Chrome is typically polished and very shiny, although the satin and brushed varieties can be more matte.

How is stainless steel different from steel?

What Is the Difference Between Stainless and Ordinary Steel? All steel is iron based, but stainless steel contains chromium at 10% or more by weight. Steel is susceptible to rust, an active iron oxide film that forms when steel is exposed to air and moisture. … Stainless steel is rust resistant because of passivity.

What is titanium steel?

Titanium is considered to be a strong metal with an ultimate tensile strength of 434 MPa that makes 63,000 psi which is roughly equal to the strength of a low-grade steel alloy. This means titanium can be used as a replacement for steel—a major benefit, as it is 45% lighter than steel.

What is cobalt steel?

Cobalt steel is a type of high-speed alloy steel used primarily for cutting tools. Introduced to manufacturers in 1900, high-speed steel, containing a mixture of tungsten, chromium, and trace amounts of carbon, enabled manufacturers to double or even triple their production.

Why is copper added to steel?

Copper. Copper is frequently added to steel in small amounts. Copper can enhance the chemical properties of steel by increasing its corrosion resistance. A large amount of copper can help prevent the formation of rust.

Which is better titanium or silver?

The Strength and Hardness

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Although titanium is lighter than silver, it is more durable. Due to this strength, it will not break easily. However, as much as it is strong, titanium is a hard metal to shape and manipulate. On the other hand, silver is very soft and can bend easily after wearing it for some time.

Is stainless steel or titanium better?

The key thing to note here is that while stainless steel has more overall strength, titanium has more strength per unit mass. As a result, if overall strength is the primary driver of an application decision stainless steel is generally the best choice. If weight is a major factor, titanium may be a better choice.

Is tungsten a steel?

Tungsten steel is any steel that has tungsten as its alloying element with characteristics derived mostly from the presence of this element (as opposed to any other element in the alloy). Tungsten is one of the oldest elements used for alloying steel. … It forms a very hard carbide and iron tungstite.

Does titanium turn black?

Will the color fade or wear on my titanium ring? Titanium itself will not change color or tarnish. However, any colored (anodized) area is not scratch resistant. … Black titanium is not anodized.

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What to bring to ca permit test




What documents do I need to take my permit test in California?

Things to bring to the DMV:

  • A completed Form DL 44 available at the DMV, signed by your parent or guardian.
  • Proof of your date of birth and legal residence. …
  • An application fee.
  • Proof of Social Security number.
  • Proof of California residency.
  • Proof of completion of a drivers education course.
  • Provide a thumbprint.

What do I need to bring to the DMV to get my permit?

Required Documents

  • Proof of identification.
  • Proof of Social Security number.
  • Two proofs of residential address.
  • FLHSMV parent proctoring form (when applicable)
  • FLHSMV parental consent form (when applicable)

How much is a permit test in California?

In order to get your learner’s permit, you’ll need to take the California DMV written test, which will have 46 questions and you’ll be required to answer 38 correctly to pass. To get a permit, you’ll pay a $33 fee and must take a standard vision test at your local DMV, in addition to the written knowledge test.

What do I need to bring to my permit test at 18?

Bring your completed learner’s permit application (not available online), proof of Social Security, birth certificate, proof of identity, and proof of California residency. Your parent or guardian will not need to sign your application if you’re over the age of 18.

Do I need a permit if I’m over 18 in California?

Individuals who are over 18 years old, but have never had a driver’s license (DL), do not need to take driver education or training, but are still required to get an instruction permit before they get an official California DL.

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Can I take my permit test online?

You will probably take the permit test at the DMV. A small number of states let you take the test at other locations; check with your state to find out where. In a few states like Florida, can also take the test online. However, most states still require you to take the test in person.

Can I take my California permit test online?

A completed application form. Each form has a unique barcode, so they’re not available online. You can pick one up, however, from your local DMV office or call the state’s automated phone line at 1-800-777-0133 to ask that a form be mailed to your home.

Is the California permit test hard?

Is Passing the California DMV Permit Test Hard? Getting a passing score is hard if you don’t study, or don’t study effectively. Nationally, over half of teens fail their first permit test. … Our streamlined learning modules and permit practice tests make studying easy.

Can you get your permit at 14?

For many states, the youngest you can be to get a permit and drive is 15. However, there are six states where you can be 14 and drive: Alaska, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, North Dakota, and South Dakota. … In the other five states, you can’t transition to license until you turn 16 (except North Dakota, which is 15).

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Who is diana ross married to




Are Bob Ellis and Diana Ross still married?

During his career, he managed many musicians, including Billy Preston, Diana Ross, Rufus, the Rolling Stones’ Ronnie Wood, Meat Loaf and Status Quo.

Robert Ellis Silberstein
Other namesBob Ellis
Spouse(s)Diana Ross ​ ​ ( m. 1971; div. 1977)​
Children3, including Rhonda Ross Kendrick

Who is Diana Ross’s true love?

Diana Ross, 14 years older, was the love in Michael Jackson’s life. She was ” his mother, his lover and his friend”.

Did Diana Ross marry a billionaire?

Diana Ross married billionaire Norwegian shipping magnate Arne Næss, Jr. in 1986. Diana Ross married billionaire Norwegian shipping magnate Arne Næss, Jr. in 1986.

What does Bob Ellis do for a living?


Music executive

Robert Ellis Silberstein/Professions

Who is Diana Ross’s oldest daughter?

Berry Gordy

She was born in Los Angeles and raised by Ross and her first husband, Robert Ellis Silberstein. Her biological father is Motown Records founder Berry Gordy.

What is Arne Naess Jr net worth?

At the time of his death in 2004, Naess’ shipping empire was reputedly worth some 600 million.

How many baby daddies does Diana Ross have?

Diana Ross may be best known for her powerful and legendary voice, but the Motown singer is also a mom to five children: Rhonda, 48, Tracee Ellis, 46, Chudney, 43, Ross, 32, and Evan, 31. The late Arne Naess was the father of Ross and Evan, while Robert Ellis Silberstein is the father of Rhonda, Tracee, and Chudney.

Is Tracee Ellis Ross related to Diana Ross?

Tracee Ellis Ross is the daughter of the iconic singer Diana Ross and music executive Robert Ellis Silberstein. Find out more about the incredible duo here. Tracee Ellis Ross, 49, may be known as an actress on popular shows like Girlfriends and Black-ish, but she’s also the daughter of a legendary mother and father.

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What is Ashlee worth?

Ashlee Simpson Net Worth: Ashlee Simpson is an American singer-songwriter and actress who has a net worth of $11 million.

Ashlee Simpson Net Worth.

Net Worth:$11 Million
Date of Birth:Oct 3, 1984 (37 years old)
Height:5 ft 6 in (1.7 m)
Profession:Singer, Songwriter, Actor, Singer-songwriter, Dancer

How old is Diana Ross And what is her net worth?

As of 2021, Diana Ross’ net worth is roughly $250 million. Diana Ross is an American singer, actress, and record producer from Detroit, Michigan.

Net Worth:$250 Million
Born:March 26, 1944
Country of Origin:United States of America
Source of Wealth:Professional Singer

Dec 2, 2021

What does Rhonda Ross do for a living?


Rhonda Ross Kendrick/Professions

How rich is Justin Timberlake?

Justin Timberlake Net Worth

Net Worth:$250 Million
Date of Birth:1981-01-31
Height:5 ft 11 in (1.82 m)
Profession:Actor, Record producer, Musician, Businessperson, Dancer, Singer, Television producer, Singer-songwriter, Film Producer, Voice Actor

How much is Eric Johnson?

Eric Johnson Net Worth: Eric Johnson is an American guitarist, songwriter and vocalist who has a net worth of $750 thousand dollars.

Eric Johnson Net Worth.

Net Worth:$750 Thousand
Date of Birth:Aug 17, 1954 (67 years old)
Profession:Guitarist, Musician, Songwriter, Record producer
Nationality:United States of America

Who is Ashlee Simpson husband?

Evan Ross

m. 2014

Pete Wentz

m. 2008–2011

Ashlee Simpson/Husband

How rich is Janet Jackson?

As of 2021, Janet Jackson’s net worth is valued at $190 million.

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How is Justin Timberlake rich?

He has made a number of investments in companies, including investing Bai, a flavored water company. Justin will also be the face of Bai’s marketing campaign with an estimated budget of $100 million. Justin has also played his hand in the technology industry and the fashion industry, so he has been pretty busy.

How much is Britney Spears worth 2021?

Despite being one of the biggest pop stars in the world, Britney is only worth $60 million, much less than her musical counterparts like Jennifer Lopez and Beyonce. Much of her money has gone to legal fees related to the conservatorship as well as supporting her ex-husband Kevin Federline.

How much is Oprah Winfrey worth?

2.6 billion USD (2021)

Oprah Winfrey/Net worth

How rich is Will Smith?

Will Smith’s net worth is estimated at $350 million, making him one of the richest actors in the world. At 51 years old, Will Smith is an American actor, rapper, and songwriter. Millions love him, and he’s unarguably been one of the most lovable actors throughout his career.

How much money does Taylor Swift have?

The 31-year-old star, who has a net worth of $550 million according to Forbes estimates, is hoping to repeat that success with the new version of Red, setting the stage for a new catalog of master recordings that will supplant her first six albums, which were acquired by music executive Scooter Braun in 2019 without …

Who is Nicki Minaj’s net worth?

What is Nicki Minaj’s net worth? As it stands today, Nicki Minaj has a net worth of $100 million according to Celebrity Net Worth. Her impressive income is the result of her amazing rap career, her modeling career, what she’s done as an actress, and more.

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