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# How does symmetry lead to stability

Jan 29, 2024

## What are the factors affecting stability of orbitals?

Answer: The reason for their stability are symmetry and exchange energy. The half-filled and fully-filled orbitals are more symmetrical than any other configuration and symmetry leads to greater stability. The electrons present in the different orbitals of the same sub-shell can exchange their positions.

## What is symmetrical electron distribution?

Symmetrical distribution of electrons means either the shell is completely empty or half filled or completely filled. Thus symmetry comes from the fact that there is equal distribution of electrons in the orbitals.

## Is half filled s orbital stable?

According to stable electronic configuration,if an atom gets the electronic configuration of noble gases by losing or gaining electrons then the element is said to be stable. For half filled s orbital since it is half filled the electron is unpaired so we can say that the orbital is unstable.

## Which orbital is highly stable?

Explanation: Half-filled and fully filled orbitals are most stable.

## What are the causes of stability of completely filled and half filled Subshells?

– The reason behind stability of the half-filled and fully filled electrons in orbitals is symmetry and exchange energy of the electrons.

## How do you know which electron configuration is the most stable?

The most stable electron configuration is that of a noble gas, due to the fact that its valence shell is filled. For helium, that means two valence electrons (a duet) in the 1s sublevel, and for the rest it means eight valence electrons (an octet) in the outermost s and p sublevels.

## Which is more stable S or P orbital?

P IS MORE STABLE.

## Why is p6 more stable than d10?

Full – filled p-orbital is more stable than full – filled d-orbitals, i.e. p6>d10. Similarly, half -filled p-orbital is more stable than half – filled d-orbital, i.e. p3>d5. Hence the order is p6>d10>p3>d5.

## What is the difference between stable and unstable electronic configuration?

Stable electronic configuration: Atoms having octet (8 electrons) or duplet 2 electrons in outermost shell is stable electronic configuration 2 electrons in K shell the valence shell. … Unstable electronic configuration: “Atoms of the element which do not have their valence shells completely filled.”

## On which atoms are the electrons most stable?

Atoms are at their most stable when their outermost energy level is either empty of electrons or filled with electrons. Sodium atoms have 11 electrons. Two of these are in the lowest energy level, eight are in the second energy level and then one electron is in the third energy level.

## What is an example of a stable electron configuration?

According to the periodic table, some examples of stable electron configurations are: Helium. Neon {10 (2 + 8) electrons} Argon {18 (2 + 8 + 8)}

## Which atoms will attain extra stability?

Noble gases contain even number of electron in orbital or they contain completely filled atomic orbitals hence they do not take part in chemical reactions and their electronic configuration is stable.

## How does each element attain their stability?

To achieve greater stability, atoms will tend to completely fill their outer shells and will bond with other elements to accomplish this goal by sharing electrons, accepting electrons from another atom, or donating electrons to another atom.

## What is stability in electronic?

The stability of a control system is defined as the ability of any system to provide a bounded output when a bounded input is applied to it. … Stability is considered to be an important property of a control system. It is also referred as the system’s ability to reach the steady-state.

## How do the unstable atoms of elements attain stability?

Instability of an atom’s nucleus may result from an excess of either neutrons or protons. A radioactive atom will attempt to reach stability by ejecting nucleons (protons or neutrons), as well as other particles, or by releasing energy in other forms.

## How do the atoms acquire stable configuration?

A stable arrangement is attended when the atom is surrounded by eight electrons. This octet can be made up by own electrons and some electrons which are shared. Thus, an atom continues to form bonds until an octet of electrons is made.

## Which ion is most stable?

And since cyanide has the highest stability, we can say that \$Fe(CN)_{6}]^{3-}\$ is the most stable ion.

## What determines stability of an atom?

The two main factors that determine nuclear stability are the neutron/proton ratio and the total number of nucleons in the nucleus.

## Which of the following elements attained stability?

Noble gases have completely filled valence shell and are stable. Atoms also combine to attain noble gas configuration and acquire maximum stability.

## Which of the following ion is most resonance stabilized?

Phenoxide ion shows maximum resonating structures.

## Which of the following ion is least stable?

Be−

Be− is the least stable ion, Be (1s22s2) has stable electronic configuration, addition of electron decreases stability.

## What is the order of stability of the following Carbocations?

Thus the observed order of stability for carbocations is as follows: tertiary > secondary > primary > methyl.

## Which of the following ions is more stable use resonance to explain?

Structure I is more stable due to resonance.

## Which of the following ions is most stable in aqueous solution?

Cr3+ ion is the most stable in aqueous solution on account of maximum crystal field stabilization energy.

## What are the factors affecting stability of orbitals?

Answer: The reason for their stability are symmetry and exchange energy. The half-filled and fully-filled orbitals are more symmetrical than any other configuration and symmetry leads to greater stability. The electrons present in the different orbitals of the same sub-shell can exchange their positions.

## What is symmetrical electron distribution?

Symmetrical distribution of electrons means either the shell is completely empty or half filled or completely filled. Thus symmetry comes from the fact that there is equal distribution of electrons in the orbitals.

## Is half filled s orbital stable?

According to stable electronic configuration,if an atom gets the electronic configuration of noble gases by losing or gaining electrons then the element is said to be stable. For half filled s orbital since it is half filled the electron is unpaired so we can say that the orbital is unstable.

## Which orbital is highly stable?

Explanation: Half-filled and fully filled orbitals are most stable.

## What are the causes of stability of completely filled and half filled Subshells?

– The reason behind stability of the half-filled and fully filled electrons in orbitals is symmetry and exchange energy of the electrons.

## How do you know which electron configuration is the most stable?

The most stable electron configuration is that of a noble gas, due to the fact that its valence shell is filled. For helium, that means two valence electrons (a duet) in the 1s sublevel, and for the rest it means eight valence electrons (an octet) in the outermost s and p sublevels.

## Which is more stable S or P orbital?

P IS MORE STABLE.

## Why is p6 more stable than d10?

Full – filled p-orbital is more stable than full – filled d-orbitals, i.e. p6>d10. Similarly, half -filled p-orbital is more stable than half – filled d-orbital, i.e. p3>d5. Hence the order is p6>d10>p3>d5.

## What is the difference between stable and unstable electronic configuration?

Stable electronic configuration: Atoms having octet (8 electrons) or duplet 2 electrons in outermost shell is stable electronic configuration 2 electrons in K shell the valence shell. … Unstable electronic configuration: “Atoms of the element which do not have their valence shells completely filled.”

## On which atoms are the electrons most stable?

Atoms are at their most stable when their outermost energy level is either empty of electrons or filled with electrons. Sodium atoms have 11 electrons. Two of these are in the lowest energy level, eight are in the second energy level and then one electron is in the third energy level.

## What is an example of a stable electron configuration?

According to the periodic table, some examples of stable electron configurations are: Helium. Neon {10 (2 + 8) electrons} Argon {18 (2 + 8 + 8)}

## Which atoms will attain extra stability?

Noble gases contain even number of electron in orbital or they contain completely filled atomic orbitals hence they do not take part in chemical reactions and their electronic configuration is stable.

## How does each element attain their stability?

To achieve greater stability, atoms will tend to completely fill their outer shells and will bond with other elements to accomplish this goal by sharing electrons, accepting electrons from another atom, or donating electrons to another atom.

## What is stability in electronic?

The stability of a control system is defined as the ability of any system to provide a bounded output when a bounded input is applied to it. … Stability is considered to be an important property of a control system. It is also referred as the system’s ability to reach the steady-state.

## How do the unstable atoms of elements attain stability?

Instability of an atom’s nucleus may result from an excess of either neutrons or protons. A radioactive atom will attempt to reach stability by ejecting nucleons (protons or neutrons), as well as other particles, or by releasing energy in other forms.

## How do the atoms acquire stable configuration?

A stable arrangement is attended when the atom is surrounded by eight electrons. This octet can be made up by own electrons and some electrons which are shared. Thus, an atom continues to form bonds until an octet of electrons is made.

## Which ion is most stable?

And since cyanide has the highest stability, we can say that \$Fe(CN)_{6}]^{3-}\$ is the most stable ion.

## What determines stability of an atom?

The two main factors that determine nuclear stability are the neutron/proton ratio and the total number of nucleons in the nucleus.

## Which of the following elements attained stability?

Noble gases have completely filled valence shell and are stable. Atoms also combine to attain noble gas configuration and acquire maximum stability.

## Which of the following ion is most resonance stabilized?

Phenoxide ion shows maximum resonating structures.

## Which of the following ion is least stable?

Be−

Be− is the least stable ion, Be (1s22s2) has stable electronic configuration, addition of electron decreases stability.

## What is the order of stability of the following Carbocations?

Thus the observed order of stability for carbocations is as follows: tertiary > secondary > primary > methyl.

## Which of the following ions is more stable use resonance to explain?

Structure I is more stable due to resonance.

## Which of the following ions is most stable in aqueous solution?

Cr3+ ion is the most stable in aqueous solution on account of maximum crystal field stabilization energy.