Characteristics of laterite soil
What are two characteristics of laterite soil?
1 Answer. (i) Laterite Soils are leached Soils because alternating dry and wet spells cause the soluble silica to be removed. (ii) These Soils are acidic in nature and coarse and crumbly in texture. (iii) The proportion of lime and silica is reduced when leaching takes place.
Which soil is laterite soil?
Laterite, soil layer that is rich in iron oxide and derived from a wide variety of rocks weathering under strongly oxidizing and leaching conditions. It forms in tropical and subtropical regions where the climate is humid.
What is the texture of laterite soil?
The Laterite soils in India are not very fertile and are can be only used with sufficient manure and fertilizers dosage. They are coarse in texture and poor in nitrogen, phosphoric acid, potash and urea. These soils are red in colour as it is mixed with iron oxides.
What is laterite used for?
In laterite areas where a high level of culture once prevailed, ruins often disclose laterite used as a building stone. Open cisterns, sewers, headwalls, culverts, flagstones, quays, moles, and breakwa- ters of laterite have functioned successfully for hundreds of years.
What is the importance of laterite soil?
The significant features of the lateritic soils are their unique color, poor fertility, and high clay content and lower cation exchange capacity. In addition, lateritic soils possess a great amount of iron and aluminum oxides .
What are the advantages and disadvantages of laterite soil?
✴️They are easily tillable. ✴️They are red in colour due to the presence of large amounts of iron oxide . Disadvantages : ✴️These Soils are formed by leaching , therefore consists of less minerals and organic materials .
Why is laterite soil not fertile?
The laterite soil is formed under conditions of high temperature and heavy rainfall with alternate wet and dry periods, which leads to leaching of soil, leaving only oxides of iron and aluminum. It lacks fertility due to a lower base-exchanging capacity and a lower content of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
What is the process by which laterite soil is formed?
Laterite soils are formed by ‘Leaching’. Leaching is a process in which the nutrients of the soil get percolated down below the soil due to heavy rainfall, leaving behind the top soil infertile.
How laterite soil is formed what are its characteristics?
Laterite soil is formed under conditions of heavy rainfall with alternate wet and dry periods, and high temperature which leads to leaching of soil, leaving only oxides of aluminium and iron. The lacks fertility because of the lower base-exchanging capacity and a lower content of phosphorus, nitrogen, and potassium.
Is laterite soil formed?
Laterite is both a soil and a rock type rich in iron and aluminum and is commonly considered to have formed in hot and wet tropical areas. Nearly all laterites are of rusty-red coloration, because of high iron oxide content. They develop by intensive and prolonged weathering of the underlying parent rock.
Where laterite soil is found?
The laterite soils are commonly found in Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and the hilly areas of Odisha and Assam.
Which soil is known as black soil?
black soils known locally as regur. After those the alluvial soil is the third most-common type. …are often referred to as regur but are popularly known as “black cotton soils,” since cotton has been the most common traditional crop in areas where they are found.
Which soil is called regular?
Black soil is also known as regur soil. It is essentially found in the lava covered areas of Maharasthra, Karnataka etc. The word regur originates from the latin word regurgitare which means to overflow.
What crops are grown in laterite soil?
Crops in Laterite – Lateritic Soils
When manured and irrigated, some laterites are suitable for growing plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber, cinchona, coconut, arecanut, etc.
Is red soil and laterite soil same?
Red soil develops on crystalline igneous rocks in areas of low rainfall. 1. Laterite soil develops in areas with high temperature and heavy rainfall. Red soil develops a reddish colour due to diffusion of iron in crystalline and metamorphic rocks.
What is leaching in laterite soil?
In pedology, leaching is the removal of soluble materials from one zone in soil to another via water movement in the profile. Laterite soil, which develops in regions with high temperature and heavy rainfall, is an example of this process in action.
Which state has most laterite soil?
Laterite soils are mainly found in Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, and the hilly areas of Odisha and Assam.
How laterite is formed?
The term laterite means a red rock or red earth deposit. Laterites are formed by the decomposition of different kind of rocks, under conditions yielding aluminum and iron hydroxides.
Which soil is highest in India?
Alluvial soil is the largest soil group in India. Alluvial soil is formed by the deposition of silt by the Indo-Gangetic-Brahmaputra rivers. This soil group covers around 46% of the total land area.
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