What are the properties of indifference curve in economics?
The four properties of indifference curves are: (1) indifference curves can never cross, (2) the farther out an indifference curve lies, the higher the utility it indicates, (3) indifference curves always slope downwards, and (4) indifference curves are convex.
What is indifference curve explain any three characteristics?
The four most important properties of indifference curves are given below: 1. Indifference Curves are Downward Sloping: Virtually all indifference curves have a negative slope. That is, they slope downward from left to right. 3)Indifference Curves Cannot Intersect: The indifference curves cannot intersect each other.
What is indifference curve and properties of indifference curve?
Definition: An indifference curve is a convex shaped curve depicting the graphical representation of the different combinations deriving the same level of satisfaction to the consumer by considering two commodities. It functions on the principle of the diminishing marginal rate of substitution (MRS).
Which is not a characteristics of indifference curves?
Indifference curve can never intersect each other. The two indifference curves cannot represent the same level of satisfaction they cannot intersect each other. It means only one indifference curve will pass through a given point on the indifference map. Thus two indifference curves cannot intersect at one point.
Which of the following are attributes of indifference curves?
There are four important properties of indifference curves that describe most of them: (1) They are downward sloping, (2) higher indifference curves are preferred to lower ones, (3) they cannot intersect, and (4) indifference curves are convex (i.e. bowed inward).
What is the other name of indifference curve?
The diagram shows an Indifference curve (IC). Any combination lying on this curve gives the same level of consumer satisfaction. Another name for it is Iso-Utility Curve.
What is indifference curve with diagram?
Definition: An indifference curve is a graph showing combination of two goods that give the consumer equal satisfaction and utility. Description: Graphically, the indifference curve is drawn as a downward sloping convex to the origin. The graph shows a combination of two goods that the consumer consumes.
What does an indifference curve represent?
An indifference curve shows a combination of two goods that give a consumer equal satisfaction and utility thereby making the consumer indifferent. Along the curve, the consumer has an equal preference for the combinations of goods shown—i.e. is indifferent about any combination of goods on the curve.
What is indifference curve with examples?
An indifference curve shows all combinations of goods that provide an equal level of utility or satisfaction. For example, Figure 1 presents three indifference curves that represent Lilly’s preferences for the tradeoffs that she faces in her two main relaxation activities: eating doughnuts and reading paperback books.
What is the importance of indifference curve?
The indifference curve technique has come as a handy tool in economic analysis. It has freed the theory of consumption from the unrealistic assumptions of the Marshallian utility analysis. In particular, mention may be made of consumer’s equilibrium, derivation of the demand curve and the concept of consumer’s surplus.
Can indifference curve be concave?
The indifference curves are usually convex to the origin. But the possibility of indifference curves being concave to the origin cannot be ruled out in some exceptional cases. Concavity of the indifference curves implies that the marginal rate of substitution of X for y increases when more of X is substituted for Y.
What is budget line and indifference curve?
A budget line shows combinations of two goods a consumer is able to consume, given a budget constraint. An indifference curve shows combinations of two goods that yield equal satisfaction. We can derive a demand curve from an indifference map by observing the quantity of the good consumed at different prices.
How do you create an indifference curve?
That means that when constructing an indifference curve map, one must place one good on the X-axis and one on the Y-axis, with the curve representing indifference for the consumer wherein any points that fall above this curve would be optimal while those below would be inferior and the entire graph exists within the
What is the slope of an indifference curve?
The slope of the indifference curve is called the marginal rate of substitution , which declines as the quantity of X increases relative to the quantity of Y. Of course, the amounts of commodities X and Y that the individual will be able to consume depends on the level of that person’s income.
What does the MRS tell us?
In economics, the marginal rate of substitution (MRS) is the amount of a good that a consumer is willing to consume in relation to another good, as long as the new good is equally satisfying.
Is Mrs positive or negative?
Formal Definition of the Marginal Rate of Substitution
is positive). A negative divided by a positive is a negative, so it follows that the MRS is negative.
Why should Mrs decline?
Well MRS decline continuously in IC curve because of law of diminishing marginal utility. Means when the consumer consumes more and more of good 1 then his marginal utility from another good keeps on declining and he is willing to give up less and less of good 2 for each good 1. Thats why MRS decline in IC curve.
How do you calculate the MRS?
The Marginal Rate of Substitution of Good X for Good Y (MRSxy) = ∆Y/ ∆X (which is just the slope of the indifference curve).